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Curs limba engleza - identification. meeting new people


Curs limba engleza - identification. meeting new people


CURS LIMBA ENGLEZA - IDENTIFICATION. MEETING NEW PEOPLE



SECTION 1

IDENTIFICATION


A.         LEAD IN


1. Identify yourself using the following questions:

a)                What is your name?

b)                When and where were you born?



c)                Where do you live? Where are you living now?

d)                Who do you live with?

e)                What are your favorite newspapers and TV programmes?

f)         What are your hobbies?

g)                Which zodiacal sign were you born under? Do you know any of its main characteristics?

h)                Do you have a job?


2. Find out as much as you can about your desk mate and share the most interesting information with the rest of the class.



B.         READING OBJECTIVE


Ten minutes to 8. I am going to the office. In front of the elevator door, my neighbour greets me: "Morning". "Morning", I reply absent-minted.

After 9 hours I meet his wife in the very place I've met him this morning. "Afternoon", I say. "Afternoon", she answers.

7 o'clock p.m. I'd like to watch the news. But grandma has a terrible headache.

"Have to go to the chemist's to buy some pills for her", I say to myself.

"Good evening", I say. The chemist asks me smilingly:

"Good evening. What can I do for you?"

"I need something against a terrible headache", I answer. She gives me a plastic bottle with some pills.

"Twenty thousand", she adds.

"Here you are. Thank you. Good night".

"Good night", she says.

Our entire social life is marked by greetings. People's greetings are connected with either certain moments of the day or with certain events.

The greetings we utter in our everyday life are:

6-12 a.m. : "Good morning" to which we reply "Good morning". In the informal speech we use the short form "Morning".

12-6 p.m. : "Good afternoon", which will be answered the same way.

After 6 p.m. : "Good evening" and "Good night".

No matter the hour we can say "Hello" when we meet somebody and "Goodbye" when we leave a place or, more informally, "Hi" and "Bye"

What do you say if you meet someone you've never met before? You'll have to introduce yourself to the person whom is sitting next to you at a workshop/symposium or conference.

You will say your name and surname "My name is Elizabeth Parker".

You may be introduced to an unknown person by one of your acquaintances: "Robert, this is Elizabeth Parker." Robert will say "Hello, Elizabeth". You can answer: "Hello, Robert". The interest show by the speaker is obvious in the question "How are you?", which is generally answered "Very well, thank you", "Fine", "Not bad".

A polite person says: "Nice to meet you" if you see that person for the first time or "Nice to see you", if you know the speaker well.

If you arrive at a company for an appointment, your introduction will be more official. You'll be expected to say not only your full name, i.e. name and surname - Elizabeth Parker - but also the reason why you are there.

"My name's Elizabeth Parker. I have an appointment with Mr. White at 9.30 a. m.", or "Can I introduce myself?" "I'm Elizabeth Parker from the University".

If a person who knows both speakers is there he will say: "I don't think you know each other, do you? Elizabeth, this is Robert Smith, our new marketing assistant manager. Robert, this is Elizabeth Parker, the English trainer I've told you about ".

If you introduce a person who is visiting your organisation, be it school, college or office, to your colleagues, you'll say: "Mr. White, may I introduce my colleague, Daniel Green to you. Daniel, this is Ms. White".

After saying your name clearly, you add: "How do you do?", sentence which has no particular meaning, it's simply a greeting.

If you are welcoming a visitor, you'll be more polite than when welcoming an old friend:

"Mr. Green? How do you do?"

"How do you do, Miss Parker?"

"Do come into my office. I'm very pleased to meet you again"

Compare the above conversation, which is polite, formal with the following quite informal one:

"Hi, you must be Laura".

"Oh, no, Liz, I haven't seen you for ages!"

"Since we graduated. In the 1996. Makes 10 years ago."

"How are things going?"



C.                VOCABULARY


1. In the following table write down the new words in the text above as well as their meaning (and translation into Romanian, if necessary). Then use these words in sentences of your own.

NEW WORD

MEANING ( AND TRANSLATION)
















2. Many English words can be used with different values, e.g. as a noun and a verb (work, show). Can you find such examples in the text? Enrich the list with your own examples.

WORD

VALUE 1

VALUE 2














3. Fill in the following table with the missing adjectives/ adverbs and use them in sentences of your own.

ADJECTIVE

ADVERB


Politely


Generally

Official


Formal


Absent-minded


Terrible



Entirely

Certain



Obviously

Full


Now complete the following rules:

! Manner adverbs can be generated by adding __ ____ _____ to an adjective.

! By adding -LY to an adjective ending in -L an adverb ending in __ __ will be obtained (ex. Usual - usually, careful - carefully)


4. When meeting foreigners you may want to ask them about their country/ nationality or you may be asked where you come from. The most usual questions are "Where are you from?" or "Where do you come from?" (SUGGESTION: look over the grammar section of this unit in order not to mistake this question for "Where are you coming from?")

Now fill in the following table:


I COME FROM. I'M I SPEAK.

The United Kingdom



France



Spain



Portugal



The Netherlands (Holland)



Belgium



Germany



Italy



Poland



The Czech Republic



Slovakia



Croatia



Slovenia



Bosnia - Herzegovina



Greece



Romania



Hungary



Ukraine



Latvia



Lithuania



Russia



Switzerland



Austria



Iceland



The Republic of Ireland



Serbia



Montenegro



Macedonia (FYROM)



Albania



Canada



The United States of America



Mexico



Bolivia



Ecuador



Venezuela



Chile



Peru



Uruguay



Paraguay



The Argentine



Brazil



Australia



Iran



Iraq



Turkey



Pakistan



India



Afghanistan



Thailand



Indonesia



Philippines



China



Japan



North/South Korea



Syria



Lebanon



Israel



Egypt



Algeria



Morocco



Tunis



Tanzania



Angola



Zimbabwe



Zambia



The South-African Republic



The Congo




REMEMBER! THE NAMES OF NATIONALITIES AND LANGUAGES START WITH A CAPITAL LETTER


5. Correct the mistakes in the following newspaper headlines:

a)                Madonna to Marry a French? Hollywood Sensation! __ ____ ____ ____ ___

b)                Iraqian Delegation Meets Pakistanian President __ ____ ____ ____ _____

c)                Vietnamian Refugees Leave Hong Kong Camps __ ____ ____ ____ ____ __

d)                Britains Have Highest Tax Rate in EU __ ____ ____ ____ ____ __

e)                Police Arrest Danish on Smuggling Charge __ ____ ____ ____ ____



D.               GRAMMAR


THE ENGLISH TENSES

1.       Can you name the tense of the verbs underlined in the following sentences?

a)       It often rains in England. __ ____ ____ __

b)      Look, it's raining! __ ____ ____ __

c)       It hasn't rained for a few months. __ ____ ____ __

d)      It's been raining since morning. __ ____ ____ __

e)      It rained a lot last week. __ ____ ____ __

f)        It was raining when I left the office. __ ____ ____ __

g)       It had rained a lot before the sun finally showed up from among the clouds. __ ____ ____ __

h)      It had been raining cats and dogs for a few hours when I decided to leave, although I didn't have an umbrella. __ ____ ____ __

i)        I think it will rain. __ ____ ____ __

j)        According to the weather forecast, tomorrow it will be raining all day long. __ ____ ____ __


2.       Put the following verbs in the same tenses: to study, to snow, to sleep, to speak.


PRESENT SIMPLE


3.       Read the following sentences and in pairs try to find an explanation for the use of the Present Simple:

a)      There are nine planets in the solar system. Dogs bark. Both English and Romanian are Indo-European languages.

The Present Simple is used __ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ___ __ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ___.


b)     I go to church on Sundays. She usually goes on holiday twice a year. How often do you visit your grandparents?

The Present Simple is used __ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ___ __ ____ ___ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____.

This use of the Present Simple is related to time expressions such as: __ ___ __ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ___.


c)      The plane leaves London at 9 am and reaches Bucharest three hours later. The press conference starts in an hour. The president arrives at 2 pm.

The Present Simple is used __ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ___ __ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ___.


d)     As soon as the semester ends I'll go to the mountains. If I have time I'll visit you when I come to Bucharest.

The Present Simple is used __ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ___ __ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ___.


4.       Read the following sentences and then complete the rules:

I smoke. He smokeS, too.

What time DO you usually get up on weekends?

DOES he love you?

Unfortunately we DON'T have enough money to buy a new car.

If she DOESN'T stop smoking she will become very ill.

In the Present Simple positive we add ___ to the verb with he, she, it, but not with I, you, we and they.

For I, you, we and they the question starts with __ __ and the negative is __ __ + infinitive.

For he, she and it the question starts with __ __ and the negative is __ __ + infinitive.


5. Put the verbs in brackets in the Present Simple.

a)       The school__ ____ __ (open) at 8.30 a.m. and __ ____ ___ (close) at 10.00 p.m. every day.

b)      What time __ ____ ____ ____ _____(the postman / deliver) the mail?

c)       I'm not sure I know this word. What__ ____ ____ ____ ____ (it / mean)?

d)      He __ ____ ____ ____ __(smoke) more that 30 cigarettes a day.

e)      The sun __ ____ ____ _____(not - rise) in the west.

f)        He__ ____ ____ _____ (play) tennis very well.

g)       Water __ ____ ____ ____ ___(boil) at 100 degrees Centigrade.

h)      It __ ____ ____(rain) very often in this part of the country.

i)        Heavy metal music__ ____ _____ (give) me a headache.

j)        We __ ____ ____ ____(not - work) at weekends.



6. Using the statements below make questions beginning with the word(s) in brackets.

a)       David works. (Where?)


b)      I go to the theatre. (How often?)


c)       Marie goes to work in the morning. (What time / usually?)


d)      I write to my grandmother. (How often?)


e)      Our teacher is sometimes angry with us. (Why?)


f)        I watch television. (How often?)


g)       They come back from work every evening. (What time / usually?)


PRESENT PROGRESSIVE


7.     Read the following sentences and in pairs try to find an explanation for the use of the Present Progressive:

a)      We are having an English lesson now. I'm solving an exercise about the Present Progressive at the moment.

The Present Progressive is used __ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ___ __ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ _____.


b) We're studying English this year. My desk mate is taking driving lessons this month. According to statistics, sales of durable goods are improving.

The Present Progressive is used __ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ___ __ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ _____.


c) He's such a nice guy, he's always buying me flowers! Try to avoid him, he's always asking people for money. Please be more punctual, you're never coming on time!

The Present Progressive is used __ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ___ __ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ _____.


d)     I'm seeing my friends tonight. Are you doing anything tomorrow evening? Yes, John is taking me to a film.

The Present Progressive is used __ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ___ __ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ _____.


8.     Read the following sentences and then complete the rules:

ARE you having a good time? What IS he doing?

The baby ISN'T sleeping, I can hear him crying. I'M NOT eating sweets this week, I'm on a slimming diet.

Questions in the Present Progressive are formed __ ____ ____ ____ ____ ___ __ ____ ____ ____ ____ while in the negative we add __ ____ ____ ____ ____ __ ____ ____ ____ ____.


9. What is happening at the moment? Write true sentences.


a)       (I/ clean / my car)


b)      (It / rain)


c)       (She / watch / television)


d)      (He / smoke / a cigar)


e)      (Joan / learn / German)


f)        (They / do / their homework)


g)       (Thomas and Philip / play / basketball)


h)      (Melanie / work / on her computer)


i)        (I / have / a bath)


j)        (Ian / wear / his new jacket)


10. Use the following verbs to ask questions about your fellow students. Then answer the questions as in the example.

wear jeans

Is Jane wearing jeans?

No, she isn't. She is wearing a skirt.

a)       read a book


b)      do an exercise


c)       learn English


d)      listen to the teacher


e)      write homework


f)        sleep


g)       talk


h)      pay attention


i)        look out of the window


j)        study



11. Read the following conversation between Chris and David. Put each verb into the correct from of Present Progressive.

Chris and David meet in a shop:

Chris: Hello, David. I haven't seen you for such a long time. What (1) __ ____ ____ _____ (you / do) these days?

David: Well, the same things as always. I (2) __ ____ ____ _____(still/ go) to the that awful school and I (3) __ ____ ____ ____ __(still / try) to learn German.

Chris: So, you (4) __ ____ ____ _____(not really / enjoy) it?

David: Well, not really. But, how about you? (5) __ ____ ____ ____ ___ (you/ do) anything special?

Chris: I (6) __ ____ ____ _____ (not / work) at the moment but I (7) __ ____ ____ _____(keep) myself really busy. I (8) __ ____ ____ ____(study) computing in a new college.

David: That sounds really interesting.

Chris: It is indeed. Listen, I've got to rush. Let's get together for a coffee or something.

David: Yeah, let's do that. I'll give you a ring. Bye, for now.

Chris: Bye!



E.                LANGUAGE IN USE


1. We have already got acquainted to some greetings and degrees of formality. Try to arrange the following greetings and expressions into the table according to how formal / informal they are .

Hi, Nice to meet you, Hello, Good evening, Mornin', See you, How do you do?, Good afternoon, Good bye, How about going out together next weekend?, We would be honoured if you could come to the cocktail tonight, I was wondering if you'd like to join us, Would you like to come on Tuesday morning? Best regards to your wife, Kiss grandma for me, We wish you A Merry Christmas and a rich and successful professional life in the year to come!

INFORMAL

NEUTRAL

FORMAL











2. In groups decide in what contexts you can use the following: Mr., Mrs., Miss, Ms., Sir, Madam, Messr. , Gentlemen, Ladies and gentlemen.


3. What would you answer to each of the following questions:

What do you do? __ ____ ____ ____ ____ ___ What are you doing? __ ____ ____ ____ ____ __

How do you do? __ ____ ____ ____ ____ ___ How are you? __ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ___


SECTION II

MEETING MEW PEOPLE


A.                         LEAD IN


Do you know yourself well? Name three things you're good at and three things you will definitely never be able to do well.

Can you think of a few famous people you would like to have dinner with? Motivate your choice.

Do you have many friends? Is there a person you can call "my best friend"?

How important is family for you? Could you live far away from you family for a long time?

Is starting a family one of your present objectives or would you rather focus on learning and career?



B. READING OBJECTIVE


FRIENDS

Most of us have friends as close as family, whom, in a difficult moment we'd call at 3 a.m. for consolation or advice because we know they won't reject us. They're almost part of us, and we share we them our troubles and triumphs. But while we love these 'Pour your heart out' friends, we also need the energy of our 'Let's party' friends. These friends care on a different level - less intense, less deep - but they still care.

Such friendships are also important. "With some friends you want to be playful rather than deeply disclosing, psychotherapists say. It's healthy to have lots of different friends at different levels of intimacy because not only is it impossible to be close to everyone, it's also undesirable. We need the full spectrum, as this is the only way we can understand different parts of ourselves.

Of course, it's bad to feel frustrated with friends who can't or won't allow you to open up when you need to, but if we accept our 'lite' friends for what they offer us - fun, laughter - then we can enrich our lives.


STUDYING FRIENDSHIP

Although friendship is a common term in modern cultures, it has not been studied much by social scientists. The word is used in all societies, but it seems to have a deeper meaning in Europe than in North America. In non-western cultures friendship is the basis of structured social relationships. In all cultures it can range from the relatively casual, depending on shared activity, to deep and long-lasting relations of mutual support.

The systematic study of friendship has two main strands. The social-psychological study of the ways in which children develop friendships usually focuses on the correlation between types of friendship and chronological age of the child. Studies of friendship among adults tend to focus on class differences. Working-class friendship choices are dominated by kinship links. The middle class on the other hand have a more conscious choice of friends.


Reading Comprehension

Choose the answer which you think is the best according to the texts:

1. In the first text, the writer considers that relationships with 'lite' friends: a) are valuable but not fully satisfying; b) offer more than laughter and enjoyment; c) can be relied on in difficult times.

2. In the first text, the writer is : a)describing a problem; b) presenting an opinion; c) reporting on research.

3. According to the second text, friendship : a) is always closely linked to family ties; b) has different meanings in different cultures; c) has the same meaning in all cultures.

4. According to text two, what are the two main strands in the study of friendship? a) a sociological and psychological approach b) working class and middle class friendships; c) patterns of friendship for children and adults.



C.         VOCABULARY


1. In the following table write down the new words in the text above as well as their meaning (and translation into Romanian, if necessary). Then use these words in sentences of your own.

NEW WORD

MEANING ( AND TRANSLATION)















2. Write a) a noun , an adverb and a verb starting from the adjective deep in the first text above (the text already contains the adverb). Try to do the same thing for the adjectives long, wide, high, short.

Deep __ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ __

Long __ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ __

Wide __ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ __

Short __ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ __

b) write a noun, two opposite adjectives and an opposite adverb starting from the verb care, used in the same text.

Care __ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ __

c) Fill in the blanks: If something is frustrating you feel __ ____ ____ ___. If something is __ ____ ____ ____ you feel exasperated. If something is annoying, you feel __ ____ ____ _____. If something is boring, you feel __ ____ ____ ____ ___ .


3. Family and kinship terms. Try to concentrate for a few minutes and draw your family tree. On the first level you should place your grandparents, then your parents, uncles, aunts and on the third line place yourself in the diagram, as well as your sisters, brothers, cousins. Don't forget their spouses. If you like, you can also mention your great-grandparents, great uncles / aunts and in a separate diagram your godparents.




4. a) If you marry, how do you call your spouse's parents? An his / her brothers / sisters?


b) If one of your parents marries some other person what will that person be for you ? What about his / her children ?


c) If you baptise a child what will he / she be for you ?

__ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____


5. a) Write the opposite of the following adjectives:

intelligent / __ ____ ____ ____

talented / __ ____ ____ ____

optimistic / __ ____ ____ ___

extroverted / __ ____ ____ ___

relaxed / __ ____ ____ __

sociable __ ____ ____ ___

cruel / __ ____ ____ __

rude / __ ____ ____ ___

trustworthy / __ ____ ____ ____ ___

b) Write synonyms for the following adjectives:

intelligent __ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ _____

stupid __ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ___

argumentative __ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____

obstinate __ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____

discourteous __ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ _____

trustworthy __ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ___

eccentric __ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ __

c) Fill in the gaps to obtain compound adjectives:

self-__ ____ ____ __ / __ ____ ____ ___ /__ ____ ____ ___

__ ____ ____ ___ / __ ____ ____ ___ / __ ____ ____ ___-tempered

__ ____ ____ ___ / __ ____ ____ ___ / __ ____ ____ ___-minded


d) Now as you have become acquainted to a lot of words describing character, think of a friend or of a relative of yours and try to describe him / her in terms of personality.



D.               GRAMMAR


Verbs not normally used in the progressive form

1. There are verbs which , because of their meaning, cannot be used in the progressive form. Such verbs are:

verbs expressing feelings: love, hate, like, dislike, envy, etc

verbs expressing activities of the mind: think, believe, agree, forget, remember, remind, know, intend, understand, realize, etc

verbs expressing the activities of the senses: see, smell, hear, taste, feel.

verbs expressing a momentary action: start, begin, stop, end.

other verbs: be, have, own, owe, cost, consist of, contain, belong, weigh, matter, resemble)

modal verbs (see Unit 7 and Unit 8)

However, there are exceptions from this rule. Read the following pairs of sentences and decide why the progressive form is used in one sentence of each pair:

a)     I think / believe you are right. I'm thinking about you. __ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____

b)     I see very well with these glasses. I'm seeing my friends tonight. __ ____ ____ ____ ____

c)     I'm smelling the cake. It smells great. __ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ __

d)     She is tasting the soup. It tastes a little salty. __ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ _____

e)     I have a yellow car. I'm having dinner now. __ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ _____

f)      He is a very rude child. Why are you being so rude to him? __ ____ ____ ____ ____ _____


Present Progressive or Present Simple?


2. Choose from the following verbs to complete the sentences below. You don't have to use all the verbs and you can use some of them more than once.

believe, belong, care, consist, contain, depend, doubt, forget, hate, have, hear, know, like, listen, mean, own, prefer, remember, see, seem, smell, taste, think, touch, understand, want


a)       These shoes __ ____ _____ to me.

b)      What (you) __ ____ _____ of that book? Is it worth reading?

c)       I __ ____ ____ ___ playing tennis.

d)      I __ ____ ____ ___ two brothers.

e)      You (not) __ ____ ____ ____ to me! I've told you a hundred times.

f)        I __ ____ ____ ____ something burning.

g)       He (not) __ ____ ____ ___ very well. However, he is not completely deaf as people say.

h)      " (you) __ ____ ____ ____ __what I'm saying?" "Not really. Could you please explain?"

i)        Be careful. This box __ ____ ____ ____ explosives.

j)        It (not)__ ____ ____ ____ ____ nice. It's too sweet.

k)       She (not) __ ____ ____ ____ __ eating meat.

l)        Although they are brothers, they (not) __ ____ ____ ____ ___ for each other.

m)            (not) __ ____ ____ ____ __it! You'll burn yourself.

n)      She __ ____ ____ _____ a Rolls Royce.

o)      What (this word) __ ____ ____ ____ ___ ?


3. Underline the correct word or phrase.

a)The train is coming (now / every morning).

b)      She goes home to Bath (at the moment / every Tuesday).

c)       He can't come. He is sleeping (at 10.00 every evening / right now).

d)      (Today / Everyday ) they drive to work in their car.

e)      (Look! Sometimes) Your dog is eating my sandwich!

f)        Water freezes at 0 Centigrade (as a rule / now).

g)       She helps her sister (on weekdays / today).

h)      (Listen! / Usually) Peter is singing in the bathroom.

i)        I'm having a holiday (at the moment / sometimes).

j)        They drive up here (very often / now).

k)       Jill is watching television (in the evenings / at the moment).


4. In the following sentences put the verbs in the correct form.

They __ ____ ___ (live) with friends until they can find a flat.

How many languages __ ____ ____ _____(your brother-speak)?

The Nile __ ____ ____ (flow) into the Mediterranean.

Water __ ____ _____(boil) at 100 degrees Centigrade.

The offices on the second floor __ ____ ____ ___ (belong) to an insurance company.

He usually (enjoy) parties but I __ ____ _____ (not-think) he __ ____ ____ ___ (enjoy) this one.

I __ ____ ____ __(know) Julia __ ____ ____ __(not-like) cats and I __ ____ _____(suppose) she __ ____ ____ ____ (not want) one in the house.

What shoe size __ ____ ____ ___(your wife-take), sir?

Ronald __ ____ ____ __(not sleep) now. He __ ____ ____ ___ (lie) outside in the garden.

Bill __ ____ ____ ___ (jog) in the park with his friends this morning.

Mr. Sellers __ ____ ____ ___ (catch) the 8.00 train every morning but today he __ ____ _____(drive) his new Rover.

My grandmother __ ____ _____(knit) a new pullover for me.

__ ____ ____ ____ __(You-ever-miss) the bus in the morning?

Why __ ____ ____ ____ __(you-put) on your raincoat? It __ ____ ____ _____(not-rain).

What __ ____ ____ _____(Jack-do) now?

The serial__ ____ ____ _____(begin) at 10.10 every Tuesday.

Nobody __ ____ ____ ___(trust) him.

He __ ____ ____ _____(stay) at a hotel at present.

The director __ ____ ____ __(have) lunch with our Japanese clients at this moment.

His father __ ____ ____ ____(own) a club.

This meat __ ____ ____ ____ (smell) awfully bad.

Where is Peter? He __ ____ ____ _____(work) in his room.

He __ ____ ____ ____(not-seem) to understand German.

Look! It __ ____ ____ ___ (rain) hard. Have you got an umbrella?

Susan __ ____ ____ ___(like) dancing very much.

Listen! Somebody __ ____ ____ ___(shout) in the street.

Mary __ ____ ____ ___(want) to learn English.

They __ ____ ____ ____(make) wonderful sandwiches in that snack bar.

The coach __ ____ ____ _____ (leave) at 6:00 on Mondays and Thursdays.

I__ ____ ____ __(not think) he__ ____ ____ __(hide) anywhere. I __ ____ _____(be) afraid the police __ ____ _____(hold) him.

__ ____ ____ _____(She-know) how to drive?

We __ ____ ____ ____(take) the children to the circus on Sunday.

He __ ____ ____ ____(study) archaeology at the moment.

__ ____ ____ ____ ____(You-feel) like swimming?

Miss Park __ ____ ____ ___(dance) with John in the hall. Can you see her?

Jaguars __ _____ (run) faster than elephants.

The jaguar __ _____ (run) after its prey.

I usually __ _____ (go) to bed at about 10:30 PM but when I am the seaside I (go) to sleep later.

I'm quite busy, I __ _____ (prepare) some documents for the conference.

The coffee __ ____ (boil), you can turn off the gas now.

Water __ _____ (boil) at 100C.

You __ ____ (have) a good time or you __ ____ (prefer) to go home?

On weekends we usually __ _____ (have) breakfast later.

They always __ _____(drive) me crazy with their stupid questions.

What she __ _____(do)? She is reading; actually she __ _____ (read) a lot during the holidays.

I __ _____ (study) more this week as we __ _____ (have) a test next Monday.



E.                LANGUAGE IN USE


Introducing yourself. You have already learnt how to greet people. If you need to tell the others who you are you can say "I' m + name" and than add some identification remark, depending on the context.

E.g. "I'm Mary Smith and I come from Romania." if you have to introduce yourself to some foreigners who don't know your nationality.

OR: "I'm Mary Smith, from Daedalus Consulting." if you have to introduce yourself to people working for other companies.

Introducing other people. If you are in a group you may have to introduce somebody to other persons. In an informal situation you may say "This is + name" and then add some identification remark similar to those presented in the example above. If you are in a more formal environment you can say "Allow me to introduce my colleague Mary Smith to you."OR "I'd like to introduce Mary Smith to you. Ms. Smith is the head of our department."OR "May I introduce our English teacher, Ms. Mary Smith to you."

Of course the next step will be to introduce the other persons to the one accompanying you; you can express yourself in the same way: "Ms. Smith, this is Paul Johnson, our new accountant."

Tasks:

1. Imagine that you represent your university at an international trade fair taking place in London. You will be taking part in a discussion with foreign partners before which you need to identify yourself an the people in the Romanian delegation: the dean of your faculty, another teacher and two of your mates. What exactly can you say?

2. If somebody else introduces you to a member of another delegation how will you greet that person?


Starting a conversation. It is often difficult to make contact with strangers who speak another language. Unless you have a few opening gambits up your sleeve!

Here are some useful ways of starting a conversation with a stranger:


What a nice day, isn't it?

Dreadful weather, don't you think?

Excuse me, is anybody sitting here?

Excuse me, haven't we met somewhere before?

Sorry, I couldn't help overhearing - did you mention something about .?

Excuse me, have you got a light by any chance?

Excuse me, could you tell me the time?

Er, could you help me, I'm trying to find my way to .


Decide when these opening gambits would be appropriate. And how you might continue after. Think of some situations where you might use each opening gambit.



F.                WRITING. DISCUSSION.


Can you think of what makes a best friend? Say if you have a best friend and if you are a best friend for somebody. Use adjectives from the Vocabulary section in this unit.


An American thinker called Ralph Waldo Emerson said that " The best way to have a good friend is to be one" What did he mean by these words?






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