Home - Rasfoiesc.com
Educatie Sanatate Inginerie Business Familie Hobby Legal
Idei bun pentru succesul afacerii tale.producerea de hrana, vegetala si animala, fibre, cultivarea plantelor, cresterea animalelor




Biologie Chimie Didactica Fizica Geografie Informatica
Istorie Literatura Matematica Psihologie

Gramatica


Index » educatie » » literatura » Gramatica
Curs limba engleza - education. career


Curs limba engleza - education. career


CURS LIMBA ENGLEZA - EDUCATION. CAREER
SECTION I

EDUCATION



A.                         LEAD IN


Before reading about education let's answer a few questions connected to the topic:

1.     Do you remember which was your favorite subject in school?



2.     What about the subject you liked the least?

3.     What would you appreciate at a teacher? What attitudes/ behavior of the teacher might prevent you from learning?

4.     What useful things do you expect to learn in the next three years?

5.     Why is it important for you to learn English / a foreign language in general?



B.                         READING OBJECTIVE


OXFORD SCHOLARSHIPS OFFERED TO WIDEN UNDERGRADUATE ACCESS

Oxford University and its undergraduate colleges are launching a new scholarships scheme and a major fundraising campaign to assist the process of widening participation. The Oxford Scholarships will be the most comprehensive scheme of this kind to be offered by any UK university and, when fully operational, will distribute almost 1million a year.

Undergraduates whose tuition fees are paid in full by their local authority will be eligible to apply for Oxford Scholarships of at least 2,000. The scheme will be introduced for UK and EU undergraduate students taking up places at Oxford every autumn; it is estimated that around 400 students will be eligible for a scholarship every year. Each scholarship will be worth 1,000 monthly in a student's first year and $ 500 monthly in each subsequent year of the course.

Launching the scheme Dr. Colin Lucas, Vice-Chancellor, said : "Oxford is a world class centre of learning. To maintain this standard, it needs to attract the brightest and best students, whoever they are and wherever they live. The University wants to do all it can to remove barriers which might prevent students with potential from applying for a place at Oxford.


SECONDARY EDUCATION. WHERE TO?

Secondary education is vitally important for young people. School plays an essential role in preparing them for adulthood. However, there are a number of problems associated with secondary education and the situation could be greatly improved if these problems were solved.

First of all, it is frequently reported that classrooms are overcrowded, with as many as forty students per class. The result is that it is difficult for the students to follow what is going on in the lesson. A maximum number of twenty-five per class would assure a more suitable environment in the classroom and the students would be able to concentrate better and learn more.

Secondly, a frequent complaint heard from school students is that their lessons are boring. Although some teachers might say that it is the students' fault rather than the teacher's, it is logical that not everyone will be equally interested in all school subjects. One solution would be to allow students to exercise a certain amount of choice regarding their lessons. Since they choose to attend a subject, the students will pay more attention in class.

Finally, too many young people leave school without the necessary qualifications to find a job. The authorities in education should make sure that the subjects taught in schools are of value in the outside world. It means that schools should place greater emphasis on vocational skills which could be adapted for use in a job. This way people will still be educated and at the same time their qualifications would be suitable to allow them to embark on a career.

To sum up, there are a number of ways to improve the standards of secondary education. No system is ever perfect but such measures would help young people benefit from the best educational opportunities.


Reading comprehension

1.     Which is the reason why Oxford University officials have decided to initiate the scholarships programme presented in the first text?

2.     Who would benefit from the scholarships programme and what would the university itself gain?

3.     Which are the main problems secondary education has to face, according to the second text?

4.     Which are the possible solutions to each problem mentioned by the writer of the same text?



C.                          VOCABULARY


1. In the following table write down the new words in the text above as well as their meaning (and translation into Romanian, if necessary). Then use these words in sentences of your own.

NEW WORD

MEANING ( AND TRANSLATION)















2. In the space below try to write your weekly timetable in English.

Monday Tuesday Wednesday ThursdayFriday


3. Put the following nouns under the correct verb to form collocations. Some nouns can go with more than one verb: an exam, a course, a subject, marketing, lessons, homework, a module, revision, a test, notes.

DO

TAKE

SIT

STUDY

PASS

MAKE

FOLLOW












4. Now fill in the gaps using the verbs in the previous exercise. Try to use each verb at least once.

In secondary schools in England, students have to __ ____ ____ ____ 10 different subjects until they are 16 and these must include English and Math. After that they specialise and from age 16 to 18 they usually __ ____ ____ _____ a maximum or four or five subjects. Sometimes timetable problems in the school mean that not all the students are able to __ ____ ____ ____ __ the course of their choice. In their final year they __ ____ ____ ____ ___ the final school exams which are known as A-levels. If students want to __ ____ ____ ____ ___ a particular subject at university, they must normally have __ ____ ____ ____ ____ the same subject or a related one, at A-level. It's very difficult to go to university unless you have __ ____ ____ ____ ___ you're A-levels exams with good grades. However, it is always possible to __ ____ ____ ____ ___ the exam again to get a better grade. Although in the majority of courses, students __ ____ ____ _____ just one exam at the end of the course, many new courses involve modules where students __ ____ ____ ____ __ smaller tests and build up credits. These are popular with students because they are less stressful.


5. In the lines below try to describe the Romanian educational system. You can use the text in the previous exercise as a model.



6. Match the two halves of these expressions to make some questions about education. Then you can answer the questions orally.

a) In which school subjects did you always use to get1.university?

b) When was the last time you failed an 2.low marks?

c) How easy is it to get a 3. in a foreign language?

d) Have you ever taken a course 4. on to further education?

e) What qualifications do you need if you want to go 5. exam?

f) What sort of things do you think it is best to learn 6. grant?

g)What time of day do you find it hardest to pay7. by heart?

h) How do you apply for a place at 8. attention in class?


7.Fill in with one of the nouns course, degree or school then make sentences.

a)                boarding __ ____ ____ ____


b)                Master's __ ____ ____ ____


c)                __ ____ ____ _____ holidays


d)                crash __ ____ ____ ____


e)                hold a __ ____ ____ ____


f)         __ ____ ____ ___ leaver


g)                beginner's __ ____ ____ _____


h)                correspondence __ ____ ____ _____



8. Match the words in A and B below to form collocations then complete the sentences. You might need to change the form of some verbs.

A: expel, drop out of, play, attend, assess

B: truant, a student, students' progress, school, a lesson.

a)                Last term the dean __ ____ ____ ____ _____ for bullying.

b)                He was reprimanded for failing to __ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____

c)                It is difficult to __ ____ ____ ____ ____ __ without testing them regularly.

d)                Children who regularly __ ____ ____ _____ are likely to leave school without any qualifications.

e)                Once an energetic and bright student, Jill __ ____ ____ ____ ____ shortly after her father's accident.


9. What do the following refer to in English?

Public school __ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ __

Grammar schools __ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ___

Comprehensive schools __ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ __


10. What do the following abbreviations stand for?

BA __ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ __ BSc __ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____

MA __ ____ ____ ____ ____ _____ MBA __ ____ ____ ____ ____ ___

PhD __ ____ ____ ____ ____ _____


11. Translate into English:

a)                Sunt student la zi. Studiez marketingul si afacerile economice internationale.



b)                As dori sa fac un curs de contabilitate la seral, la fara frecventa sau prin corespondenta pentru ca lucrez si nu am timp sa urmez cursurile zilnic.



c)                Studiezi la o universitate de stat sau particulara? Care este taxa anuala de studii?



d)                Dupa absolvire as dori sa urmez niste cursuri postuniversitare in domeniul publicitatii sau al relatiilor publice.



D.                         GRAMMAR


FUTURE SIMPLE

1.                                Read the sentences and fill in the blanks:

a) I will become an economist. I'll call you as soon as I get home. Grandma will be 80 next month.

Future Simple is formed by adding __ _____ in front of __ ____ ___ .


b)     Will you go to their party? I hope it won't rain tomorrow.

A question in the Future Simple is formed by __ ____ ____ ____ ____ __ while the negative form is obtained by __ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ __ . (__ ____ is the contracted form).


c) Future Simple is used to express __ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ _____ . Some time expression that may occur together with verbs in the Future Simple are: __ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ __ .


2.                  Write a short paragraph about how you imagine yourself 10 years from now on. Use verbs in the Future Tense Simple.



3.                  Read the following sentences and their translation into Romanian; then fill in the blanks.

I will visit you when I have time. / Te voi vizita cand voi avea timp.

We'll go inside as soon as the rain starts. / Vom intra in casa imediat ce va incepe ploaia.

If she invites me to the party I'' have to buy a present. / Daca ma va invita la petrecere va trebui sa cumpar un cadou.

Future tense is NOT used after __ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ __ . The __ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ is used instead.


4. Combine the two sentences below using when to make one sentence. Make any necessary changes.

We'll go home. The rain will stop soon.

We'll go home when the rain stops.

a)       I'll tell you what it means. I'll look it up.


b)      She will be happy. I'll tell her the news tomorrow.


c)       The match will continue. The players will appear soon.


d)      She'll get married. She will have her own house next year.


e)      I'll recognize my bag. I'll have a look at it.


f)        He will pay his debts. He'll get a job next week.


g)       Sheila will call you up. She'll finish her class in five minutes.


h)      We'll mend the puncture. We'll get home soon.


i)        I'll see them. They will come again next year.


j)        Father will live in the country. He will retire in a few months.



FUTURE PROGRESSIVE

5. Read the following sentences below and fill in the blanks:

We are having an English lesson now. We will be having an English lesson next week at this time, too.

The teacher is explaining and the students are writing. Next Monday at this time the teacher will be explaining and the teacher will be listening, too.

As it is weekend I think I will be still sleeping tomorrow at 9 am.

I'm sure it will be a great party, we'll be dancing all night.

__ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ _____ are all verbs in the Future Progressive. They refer to __ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ __ __ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ __ .


Say what you will be doing: a) today at 9 p.m.; b) tomorrow at this time; c) on Sunday between 9 and 11 p.m..


7. Write the following sentences using will be .ing, as in the example.

Ex: Frank (travel) to Rome at 7 tomorrow.

Frank will be traveling to Rome at 7 tomorrow.

a)     He __ ____ ____ ____ (teach) all morning tomorrow.

b)     __ ____ ____ ___ (you-work) this evening?

c)     I __ ____ ____ ____(type) when you come.

d)     The students __ ____ ____ ____(take) an exam at 12.00 next Tuesday.

e)     He __ ____ ____ ____(not-sleep) at that time.

f)      Susan __ ____ ____ ____(study) Physics next year.

g)     She __ ____ ____ ____(mark) papers all day tomorrow.

h)     __ ____ ____ _____(you-do) anything from 6 to 7?

i)       She __ ____ ____ _____ (not wear) glasses at the wedding.

j)      They __ ____ ____ _____(lie) on the beach at this time tomorrow.

k)     It __ ____ ____ ____ __(rain) when you get there.

l)       They __ ____ ____ ____ ____ (play) cards all night.


8. Look at the information and make statements with will be .ing.


Mr. Jones

Miss Fairchild

Mr. Toad

Mon. a.m.

Visit the Mayor of the City

Mon. p.m.

Talk with students

Visit a paper factory

Tue a.m.

Attend a meeting at the City's

Trade Centre

Inspect hospital

Tue p.m.

Talk about traffic problems with Union leaders


a)     On Monday morning, the three ministers will be visiting the Mayor of the City.

b)     On Monday afternoon Mr. Jones __ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ _____ , and Miss Fairchild with Mr. Toad __ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ _____

c)     On Tuesday morning, Mr. Jones and Miss Fairchild __ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____while Mr. Toad __ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____

d)     On Tuesday afternoon, the three of them __ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ __



C.                LANGUAGE IN USE


Talking about the future. Expressing intentions and hopes.

Nothing is totally certain about the future. We can try to foresee events, we can make plans and state our intentions - but we can never be sure what will actually happen.

Here are some ways of stating intentions and showing how firmly we intend to do something. They are all phrased as answers to the question: "Are you going to .?"or "Will you.? "


√ YES, DEFINITELY: Nothing's going to stop me .-ing .

I'm certainly going to .

I'm going to . , that's for sure.


√ ? YES, PROBANLY: I think I'll .

I may well .

I'm hoping to .


?? PERHAPS: I'm thinking of . -ing .

I thought I might .

I haven't made up my mind whether to .


X ? NO, PROBABLY NOT: I don't think I'll .

I don't really feel like . -ing .

I'm not really planning to .


X NO, DEFINITELY NOT: I'm certainly not going to .

You won't catch me . -ing .

I'm not going to . if I can help it.


Tasks.

1.                                  Decide how you might use these expressions when talking about your plans:

a) for this evening: __ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ __
b) for the next holiday: __ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ _____ c) for the year 2016: __ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ___


2. Build conversation like this from the prompts below, using the expressions above.

A: Suppose you get a pay rise tomorrow, how will you feel?

B: Oh, I expect I'll feel very happy indeed.

a)     get married __ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ _____


b)     have your car stolen __ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ __


c)     find a 5 note __ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ___


d)     lose your wallet __ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ _____


e)     fail an important exam __ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____


f)      meet the Queen of England __ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ _____


g)     witness a murder __ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ _____


h)     become a beauty queen __ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ___


i)       become homeless __ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ __


j)      inherit 1 million __ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ __



3. Work in small groups. Decide on your own personal plans for the next few days and your ambitions for the future. Talk about events that you think will happen and things that probably won't happen. Compare your own plans and ambitions with your partners' plans and ambitions.


SECTION II

CAREER


A. LEAD IN


1.     How do you feel about working and being a student at the same time?

2.     What kind of job would you like to have as a student?

3.     Have you ever been to an interview? Why do you think you were / were not successful?

4.     When applying for a job, the first step is usually to send an Application Letter (or Covering Letter) and a Curriculum Vitae. What are the role and function of each?



A.                         READING OBJECTIVE


The following text introduces some people who have been appointed to new positions to the readers of a business magazine.

WHO'S NEWS

Martin Schittengruber, 37, an Austrian, is the new business unit director of the Henkel Romania cosmetics division. Schittengruber started his career at Henkel Austria in 1994 and gradually his area of responsibility enlarged from Austria to Germany (Henkel headquarters in Dusseldorf) and then to Central and Eastern Europe. He has an MBA degree from Vienna University of Economics and Business Administration and a PhD from Graz University. He also completed a Joint Study Programme at the University of Illinois, USA, as well as an Executive Management Programme in Boston, USA. Schittengruber speaks English and Spanish.

Mazen Fawzy 31, is the new country director for CHF International Romania. He has worked at CHF International Romania since December 2005 as senior programme director. Fawzy has a master's degree in International Development from California Polytechnic University and is specialized in international development assistance. He speaks English, French, Romanian and Swahili.

Crina Drugea, 29, is the new business partner manager at Xerox Romania. Previously she worked as Bucharest regional manager at Medcenter and for more than seven years at Orange Romania in customer and corporate direct sales. She graduated from the Faculty of International Economic Relations, Bucharest Academy of Economic Studies, and currently studies Law at the Bucharest University. Crina speaks English, French, Spanish and Italian fluently.

Doru Mitran, 28, is the new business innovation specialist for the imaging and document management services department of Xerox, Romania. Previously he worked as account manager for the financial and banking sector with the Star Storage Company. He graduated from the Faculty of Automatics and Computing Sciences at the University of Craiova and also has a master's degree in finances and banking from the Academy of Economic Studies. He speaks English and German.


TELEWORKING

Would you like to be a teleworker? Teleworkers are people who work for companies but not in companies. They do company work at home, usually on computers.

Teleworkers communicate with their supervisors by telephone, fax or e-mail. They usually transfer information from their own computer to the office computer by electronic means.

Teleworking is becoming more and more popular in Britain and the USA; (in the USA it is called telecommuting). At the moment, about 15% of the working population employed by companies work at home, but experts estimate that this will rise to more than 20% in the next ten years.

There are many reasons for this increase. The biggest advantage for companies is that teleworking reduces their running costs. Fewer employees at work mean less office space. Also, computers are now quicker and easier to use, and the price has fallen sharply. For a company which needs more manpower, one of the cheapest solutions can be to train employees in computer skills and to give them a personal computer to use at home. More than that, fewer people going to the office in the morning mean less traffic jams which is very important in large crowded cities.

But before you apply for a job as a teleworker, you should ask yourself if it is really the best situation for you. One employee who works for a big paper recycling company, hasn't enjoyed at all his last three months at home. "I often fall asleep in front of the computer because I don't have anybody to talk to", he says. "So, at lunchtimes, I often go to the nearest fast food restaurant which is just at the end of my road, and then the afternoon is gone!". Next week he's starting a new job in a company where there are five people in one small office. "I can't wait!" he says.


Reading comprehension

1. What is the new job of each of the four persons presented in the first text? What does their previous experience consist of?

2. What do the four people in the first text have in common?

3. How does the second text define teleworking?

4. What are the advantages and disadvantages the text mentions for teleworking? Can you think of other positive aspects and shortcomings?

5. Would you like to be a teleworker or would you rather go to the office every morning?



C. VOCABULARY


1. In the following table write down the new words in the text above as well as their meaning (and translation into Romanian, if necessary). Then use these words in sentences of your own.

NEW WORD

MEANING ( AND TRANSLATION)















2. The following extracts from job advertisements mention qualities which are often required in the modern working environment. Which of these qualities do you think are developed by school and which are not? Which qualities do you think you possess?

a)                ".must be self motivated and able to work independently ."

b)                ".should possess well-developed leadership and communication skills."

c)                ".understanding and empathy with other cultures."

d)                ". you will be a reliable team player with sound commercial judgement."

e)                ".excellent time management skills and attention to detail."

f)         ". good analytical ability is essential for success in this role."


3. Together with your desk mate write down as many names of professions, and trades as you can. Remember that a profession is a job that requires considerable training and / or qualifications while a trade is a skilled manual job requiring only an on-the-job or a shorter training.

Professions: __ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ _____ __ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ _____


Trades: __ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ _____ __ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ _____




4.     Build sentences using the following expressions:

a)                to work in shifts __ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ __

b)                to be on flexi-time __ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____

c)                to work nine-to-five __ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ___

d)                to go / be on strike __ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____

e)                to be fired / dismissed __ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ __

f)         to be made redundant __ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ __

g)                to be hired __ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ___

h)                to be on maternity leave __ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____

i)          to be on sick leave __ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ _____

j)         to be a workaholic __ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ _____

k)                to be promoted __ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ___

l)          to apply for a job __ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ __

m)              to be shortlisted __ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ __

n)                to make a living __ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ __

o)                to take on a job __ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ___


5.     Any job has its benefits and problems, such as:

Benefits: social status, career advancement, room for creativity, little or no stress, satisfaction / sense of achievement, good salary and perks.

Problems: deadline pressure, lack of recognition, workaholism, overwork / physical strain, stress caused by responsibility, lower salary / wages.

Which of the problems / benefits would you associate with each of the following occupations? surgeon, airline pilot, construction worker, school bus driver, telephone operator, farmer, teacher, football manager, carpenter, newspaper reporter, solicitor, war correspondent, army officer, investment consultant, copyrighter, broker, factory worker, baby-sitter.

Example: Surgeons have quite a high social status; however they are under a lot of stress, which is caused by the responsibility they have, since the lives of their patients are in their hands.


6. What would you value most in the workplace? Rank the following in order of importance for you and explain your choice to your class mates.

approachable employer __ __

confortable working environment __ __

sense of being part of the business __ __

financial rewards for high productivity __ __

flexible working hours __ __

good remuneration __ __

opportunity to progress __ __

opportunity for personal development __ __ .


7. Use the following terms to complete the sentences: promotion, vacancy, workforce, incentive, blue collars, overtime, freelance, redundant, white-collars, full-time, productivity, temporary, bonus.

a)                We have an important deadline to meet, so I'll have to work __ ____ ____ _____ this week.

b)                Nearly half the staff will be made __ ____ ____ ____ ___ as part of the firm's downsizing policy.

c)                This job is not suitable for the ambitious, as there are fewer prospects of __ ____ ____ ____ __

d)                I have a young child so I'd prefer to work part-time now and go __ ____ ____ _____ when he is older.

e)                Many employees on __ ____ ____ ____ __ would like the security of a permanent job.

f)         I've heard that there may be a __ ____ ____ _____ for salespersons in the new department store.

g)                In the near future, over 25% of the __ ____ ____ ____ __in Europe may be unemployed.

h)                In order to be competitive, the company must increase __ ____ ____ ____ ___ .

i)          Jenny works as a __ ____ ____ ____ ____ journalist and enjoys not being tied to one specific job.

j)         He was given $ 1,000 __ ____ ____ ____ ____ when he beat his deadline by a month.

k)                The union representative said that a salary increase would serve as a __ ____ ____ ____

l)          Office workers are often referred to as __ ____ ____ ____ ___ while factory workers are called __ ____ ____ ____ ____


8. When you want to apply for a job you are supposed to write an Application Letter and a Curriculum Vitae. Both of them involve the use of specific vocabulary. The following words and phrases will help you write an application letter and a CV. Try to put them into the appropriate categories and then use them to complete the sentences: capable, trustworthy, manager, apprentice, masters, dependable, undergraduate, handling cash, office studies, attend a course, committed, successfully completed, motivated, part time.

Work experience

Academic qualifications

Personal qualities







a)                While I worked in the retail outlet I became used to __ ____ ____ ____ ____ __

b)                While still a college student I __ ____ ____ ____ _____ in management practices.

c)                I __ ____ ____ ____ _____ my studies in 2005 and I obtained a graduation diploma.

d)                I joined that market research company as an __ ____ ____ ____ ___ in 2001.

e)                At the same time as I was studying marketing I also worked __ ____ ____ ____ __ for a parcel delivery service.

f)         I performed the full range of __ ____ ____ ____ ____ __ during my employment in the administrative department.

g)                Since leaving school, I have been __ ____ ____ ____ ____ ___ to a career in marketing.



A.         GRAMMAR


OTHER MEANS OF REFERRING TO THE FUTURE

1.                Until now you have learnt four different ways of expressing the future. Which are they and when can you use them? The following sentences will help you remember:

I will speak English more fluently if I spend a month in London. __ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ___.

She will be resting this afternoon between 4 and 6 pm.__ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ___ .

The train for Budapest leaves at 6 am. __ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ _____ __ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ___ .

We are throwing a party next weekend, would you like to come? __ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ___ .


2. Two more ways of referring to the future are TO BE GOING TO + VERB and WILL HAVE + PAST PARTICIPLE (called Future Perfect). Read the sentences below and try to guess when you can use these two expressions:

a) Hurry up, I'm not going to wait for you all day long! They are going to launch a new product next month. Look at the sky, it's going to rain! You're going to catch a cold if you walk in the rain without an umbrella.

TO BE GOING TO + VERB can be used to express __ ____ ____ ____ ____ __ __ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ___ .


b) The lesson will have finished by 10 o'clock. We'll have got home before 10 pm. Let's hope the rain will have stopped before we leave the faculty!

WILL HAVE + PAST PARTICIPLE (Future Perfect) is used to express __ ____ __ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ___ .


3. a) state your intentions for a) next week; b) next month; c) next year.

b) say what you think you will have already done by the year 2015.


4. Put the verbs in brackets into the correct tense. Use Present Simple or will.

a)     The train __ ____ _____ (arrive) here at 7 p.m. every day. It __ ____ ____ __ (be) at platform two in ten minutes.

b)     I __ ____ _____ (not-know) Mr. Brown, but I __ ____ _____ (meet) him tomorrow.

c)     What __ ____ ____ ___(you-think) of my garden? It's not ready yet, but it __ _____ (be) in spring.

d)     Don't eat too much! You __ ____ ___ (get) fat.

e)     He __ ____ ____ __ (not-have) anywhere to go, so he __ ____ ____ __ (stay) with us from now on.

f)      Speak to the boss! I'm sure he __ ____ _____(help) you find a solution.

g)     Helen __ ____ ____ ___ (not-understand) Spanish at all, but she __ ____ ____ ___ (learn) the language now that she is married to Carlos.

h)     He often __ ____ _____(have) trouble with the police because he __ ____ ___ (beat) his wife. This time she __ ____ _____ (take) him to court, I'm afraid.

i)       They are in Lyon right now. They __ ____ ____ (call) you up from Paris later.

j)      __ ____ ____ ___ (you-be) at home all day? I __ ____ ____ ___ (come) round to see you later.


5. Going to. Restate the following sentences as in the example.

Do you intend to give up the job?

Are you going to give up the job?

a)       I do not intend to wait here all day.


b)      He does not intend to lose his money.


c)       Do they intend to emigrate?


d)      Do you intend to play football again?


e)      Susan does not intend to resign.


f)        They intend to spend their honeymoon in Tokyo.


g)       Does he intend to leave his wife and children?


h)      He intends to become a pilot.


i)        Do they intend to climb up Mt Olympus on this weather?


j)        She intends to work day and night to finish it.


k)       The new manager intends to change the furniture in his office.


l)        Does he intend to marry her?


6. Put the verb into the correct form using will or going to.

What are your plans for tonight?

I'm going to stay at home and watch TV.

a) A. I can't work out how to use this digital clock.

B. It's quite easy. I __ ____ ____ ___ show you.

b) A. What has Mary decided to do when she leaves school?

B. Well, she __ ____ ____ __ have a holiday for a few weeks and then she __ ____ _____ start a computer programming course.

c) A. So you __ ____ ____ ____ buy a new house.

B Yes, I won a million pounds at the lottery.

d) A. What (you-do) __ ____ ____ ____ with the flat?

B. I __ ____ ____ ___ sell it. I __ ____ ____ _____live in the country from now on.

e) A. What about the new model, sir? It's our latest Rover.

B. It looks just right. (You) __ ____ ____ ____accept a cheque?

f) A. Waiter! I'd like to order.

B. Certainly, sir. I __ ____ ____ __ be with you in a moment.

g) A. What would you like to drink, red or white wine?

B. I __ ____ ____ __ have red, please.

h) A. I __ ____ ____ __buy some milk. Do you want anything form the shop?

B. Yes, I need some eggs.

i) A. Alan's starting university next month.

B. Oh really? What (he) __ ____ ____ __ study?

j) A. Have you got a moment to spare?

B. Sorry, we __ ____ ____ ___ have lunch.


7. Present Progressive. Look at Mr. Bower's diary and talk about the things he has arranged to do tomorrow.

Monday 26

09.00 am meet Dr. Hornes

10.30 am inspect factory

12.30 pm lunch with Philip

14.00 pm see representatives from Britain

15.30 pm call New York

19.30 pm go theatre (Sharon, Edward, Maggie)

a)     At 9.30 he is meeting Dr. Hornes.

b)    

c)    

d)    

e)    

f)     



8. Decide which of the following sentences are wrong and correct them.

a)       I'm seeing the doctor tomorrow.

b)      It's going to rain tomorrow. It said so on the radio.

c)       The sun sets at 18.07 tomorrow.

d)      The film is starting at 17.00 and is going to finish at 18.30.

e)      It's snowing tomorrow.

f)        "When do you meet her?" "At 10.00 pm."


9. Will Have. Make responses as in the example using will have.

Haven't they repaired the car yet? (Saturday)

No, but they will have repaired it by Saturday

a)          Hasn't she written her essay yet? (Monday)


b)         Haven't they obtained new passports yet? (next month)


c)          Haven't you found the money yet? (this time tomorrow)


d)         Haven't the guest arrived yet? (six o'clock)


e)          Haven't they discussed the economic problem yet? (Tuesday)


f)           Hasn't Mr. Smith inspected the factory yet? (this evening)


g)          Haven't the police searched the house yet? (noon)


h)         Haven't you done the shopping yet? (eleven-thirty)


i)           Hasn't he cashed the cheque yet? (Saturday)


j)Haven't they made up their minds yet? (tomorrow)



10. Restate the sentences using the verbs in brackets.

When he's 65 he won't be working. (retire)

When he's 65 he'll have retired

a)     Of course he won't have any money left by the end of the week. (spend)


b)     By that time I'm afraid he'll be in bed. (go)


c)     I'm sure you won't remember me in ten years from now. (forget)


d)     By the time Easter comes, there won't be any snow here. (melt)


e)     In two years there won't be any houses around here. (pull down)


f)      When he's 30, he'll be a successful barrister. (become)


g)     When you see her again, she'll be very different. (change)


h)     His father won't be alive when he comes back from Australia. (die)


B.         LANGUAGE IN USE


The Curriculum Vitae and the Application/ Covering Letter

When you have decided to find a job, the first step is to read the ads for vacancies in different newspapers, magazines, on specialised internet sites or to contact a recruitment agency. Then, after you have selected some position that might suit your wishes and experience you need to write an Application Letter and a Curriculum Vitae.

Read the following model of application letter and decide what its main communicative functions are. The letter is written by a student of marketing who graduated an economic college and also worked for eight months as a market research trainee for a company in Bucharest.


Advertisement: BEST FASHION Ltd, a multinational company providing expertise, human resources and equipment for the clothing industry requires Assistant Manager (Ref. 095MK) for its Marketing Department. Applications are accepted from students and recent graduates of marketing and / or related fields. Applicants should be reliable and enthusiastic, willing to work in teams and able to meet deadlines. Fluent English is a must while knowledge of French or German would be a plus. E-mail or fax your covering letter and CV to Mr. Paul Densfield, Human Resources Manager, tel./fax 021 3113030, e-mail bestfashion_hr@yahoo.com. Only shortlisted candidates will be contacted.



APPLICATION LETTER


Attn. of : Mr. Paul Densfield

Human Resources Manager

Best Fashion Ltd.


Dear Mr. Densfield,


Ref. : 095MK (Assistant Manager Vacancy)


I am writing to apply for the position of Assistant Manager that you advertised in "Romania Libera" newspaper on 15 June 2006 as I believe it offers the career challenge which I am seeking

As you will see from my Curriculum Vitae, I currently study marketing at "Spiru Haret" University and last year I graduated from an economic college, which offered me a strong background in the field.

I would like to highlight the following skills which I believe would add value to your organisation:

basic practical marketing skills and team work abilities developed by working for a market research company as well as theoretical marketing knowledge acquired as a student of marketing;

ability to meet deadlines and to work under pressure developed as a market research trainee;

fluency in English acquired by attending an intensive Business English Course and working in an English speaking environment for almost a year.

I have a genuine interest in marketing and I would appreciate the opportunity of an interview to discuss why I believe I am an eligible and suitable candidate for the vacancy you advertised.

I look forward to hearing from you.

Yours sincerely,

Andrei Popescu

Tel. 021 222 2020, 0720304050

E-mail: andrei_popescu@yahoo.com


Now try to decide why an Application letter is necessary ( study its reference line, each of its paragraphs and its ending)


Concerning the Curriculum Vitae, there are plenty of models both in books and on the internet. The following one is a model of European CV, accepted and preferred by more and more employers.


CURRICULUM VITAE


1.

Family name:


Photo

2.

First names:


3.

Date of birth:


4.

Nationality:


5.

Civil status:


6. Education and competitive examinations:


Institution:


Degree(s) or Diploma(s) obtained:





7.          Further Diplomas and Qualifications:

Field:


Degree(s) or Diploma(s) obtained:

Institution







8. Language skills: Indicate competence on a scale of 1 to 5 (1 - excellent; 5 - basic)


Language

Reading

Speaking

Writing

Romanian(mother tongue)




English




French








9.      Membership of professional bodies:

10. Other skills:

11. Present position:


12. Years within the firm:


13. Specific experience abroad:


Country

Dates

Company/ Institution

Position

Description












14.Previous professional experience:


Date

Location

Company

Position

Description

















15.Other relevant information:


16. References :



The Interview

If the employer decides your background and experience is suitable for the vacancy advertised, you will be shortlisted for an interview. Make up teams of four students and together decide what you would say when :

you enter the office and meet the interviewer(s) ;


the interviewer invites you to sit down ;


you are asked about your present activity ;



you are asked why you have chosen to compete for that job ;



you are asked what your expectations are (regarding salary, promotions)



you leave the office.


F. WRITING. DISCUSSION


Write a letter / an e-mail to a friend describing your plans for your next holiday. Have in mind the format of an informal letter: start with the date (only for the letter) or with a subject line (for the e-mail), salutation line (Dear .., ) and after you finish the body of the letter (3-4 paragraphs) end with a closing line ( Love, / Best regards, / Yours,) and of course your signature.


Write a description of the world at some time in the future. Think of how your town / city will look like, what new devices will have been invented by that time, what the environment will look like.


3. Choose a job advertisement from a newspaper and write an application letter and Curriculum Vitae suitable for it. If you want to find a job, don't hesitate to send them to the employer! If you like, tell the rest of the class about the outcome.





Politica de confidentialitate





Copyright © 2024 - Toate drepturile rezervate