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» Familia Blennidae Regan 1912


Familia Blennidae Regan 1912




FamiliaThe family Blenniidae is the largest family in its suborder, consisting of six tribes with 53 genera and 345 species. Blennidae Regan 1912

Trasaturi generale:

Increngatura Chordata,Subphylum Vertebrata Subincrengatura Vertebrata, Clasa Actinopterygii, Ordinul Perciformes, Subordin Blennoidei, Familie Blenniidae

***Pesti marini, mici, foarte lacomi. Traiesc la mica adancime pe coastele stancoase, fixandu-si ouale de pietre, unul langa altul, pe care le pazesc. Cu corpul alungit, cu solzi mici, distantati, sau fara solzi, acoperit cu un strat gros de mucus. Pot fi recunoscuti si dupa profilul capului, turtit lateral, cu falcile puternic dintate, buza superioara groasa si incisivii cu aspect de lame. Linia laterala slab vizibila. In apele litoralului romanesc traiesc 6 specii, dintre care mentionez: Blennius pavo Risso 1810, Blennius tentacularis Brünnich 1768 si Blennius sanguinolentus Pallas 1811.




Familia Blenniidae este cea mai mare familie in subordinea sa, compusa din 53 genuri si 345 de specii. A slender, elongate body and cryptic coloring assist many blennies in their secretive lifestyle in crevices and holes on the bottom of inshore waters.Un subtire corp alungit si un colorit criptic asista blennidele in stilul lor de viata secretos, in fisuri si gauri pe fundul apelor de coasta.Blennies are known for their distinctive teeth, which are close-set in a single row on each jaw, and some blennies have a huge canine on each lower jaw, hence the descriptors "comb-toothed" and "saber-toothed.' Blennies possess interesting traits ranging from mimicry and hopping over terrestrial rocks to adopting separate colors for courtship. Most blennies feed on algae and small invertebrates, but some attack other fish to steal bites of fin, scales, or skin. ( Allen and Robertson, 1994 ; Böhlke and Chaplin, 1994 ; Dr. Foster and Dr. Smith, 2000 ; Froese, Pauly, and Woodland, 2003 ; Harmelin-Vivien, 2002 ; Helfman, Collete, and Facey, 1997 ; Hoese and Moore, 1998 ; Moyle and Cech, 2000 ; Nelson, 1994 ; Springer, 1994 ; Thresher, 1984 ; Wheeler, 1985 ) Blenniidele sunt cunoscute pentru dintii lor distinctivi, care sunt asezati pe un singur rand pe fiecare falca, iar unele blenniide au un canin imens pe maxilarul inferior, de unde si denumirea de 'pieptene-dintat'. Blenniidele poseda trasaturi interesante variind de la mimetism si mici sarituri peste roci terestre, la adoptarea de culori separate pentru a curta. Cele mai multe blenniide se hranesc cu alge si nevertebrate mici, dar unele ataca alti pesti pentru a-i musca de innotatoare, de solzi, sau chiar de piele.

Morfologie:

MorphologyBlenniidele au corpul alungit, zvelt, dintii pot fi fixi sau mobili. A pair of giant canines give the saber-toothed blennies their name, and in the poison-fanged blennies ( Meiacanthus ) these teeth are hollow and contain an injectable toxin.Sunt mici de obicei, doar cateva exemplare pot ajunge la 55 cm. The dorsal fin has more rays than spines, and the anal fin has two spines.InnoInnnIasdl;as;djasdaInnotatoarele dorsale nu au asa de multi spini, si cele anale au doi spini. Blennies exhibit a wide variety of uniform colors as well as spots, stripes, or bands, and some species exhibit two or three color patterns.Blenniidele prezinta o mare varietate de culori uniforme, precum pete, cu dungi, sau benzi, iar unele specii prezinta modele de doua sau trei culori.In general males are larger than females and in some species have a larger head. In general, barbatii sunt mai mari decat femelele si, in unele specii au un cap mai mare. The cirri on the head can take distinct forms in males and females, as can the anal spines.Barbatii din unele specii au umflaturi carnoase langa aripioarele dorsale sau anale, care devin mai mari in timpul sezonului de depunere a icrelor.Males tend to develop brighter coloration during spawning, especially under the jaw, and in one species males take on a third color pattern while egg-tending. ( Böhlke and Chaplin, 1994 ; Thresher, 1984 ) Masculii au tendinta de a dezvolta o coloratie mai stralucitoare in timpul depunerii icrelor, in special sub maxilar.

Reproducere:

Masculii atrag femelele in apropierea gaurilor sau fisurilor in care are loc depunerea icrelor. Femelele vor fi curtate de multe ori, unele presupunand o coloratie noua pentru depunerea icrelor. In momentul in care femela intra in zona masculului, acesta se angajeaza intr-un comportament de curtare care poate presupune schimbarea culorii icrelor. Masculul se poate imperechea cu mai multe femele. Este probabil ca Blenniidele sa depuna icrele de-al lungul anului pe timpul zilei. Unele grupuri depun icre in perioadele mai calde ale anului, iar altele odata la 3-4 zile. De obicei depunerea icrelor se face pe teritoriul masculului intr-un spatiu ingust, pestera sau altele. Depunerea acestora poate dura cateva minute sau poate mai mult de o zi; icrele pot fi depuse toate odata sau pe rand, iesind si intrand in cuib. In functie de marimea pesterii, masculul poate intra cu femela concomitent, sau poate face "excursii" pentru a fertiliza icrele. Masculul este activ in timpul depunerii icrelor pentru a speria pradatorii, dupa care le pazeste pana la incubatie. Acesta se imperecheaza cu mai multe femele, clocind toate ouale in acelasi cuib. Masculul sau cateodata femela, pazeste ouale pana in momenul in care larvele se pot descurca singure. In timpul incubatiei masculul ventileaza ouale cu ajutorul innotatoarelor.

Distribuire:

Blenniidele pot fi intalnite in Oceanele: Pacific, Indian si Atlantic, in zonele tropicale, subtropicale si in apele temperate ale intregii lumi.

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Blennius pavo Risso 1810 (Salaria pavo)????

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FishBaseView original data objectApar in zona de intertidale si fundul putin adanca, pe pietre sau de nisip dintre pietricele si a vegetatiei (Ref. 5981). Often in brackish waters down to 5 ppt (Ref. 5981). Deseori, in apele salmastre in jos la 5 ppt (Ref. 5981). Inhabit crevices or piddock holes, males remain in cavities above water-level during low tide (Ref. 5981).

Populeaza fisuri sau gauri Piddock, masculii raman in cavitatile de mai sus la nivel de apa in timpul reflux (Ref. 5981). Feed on benthic invertebrates, mainly mollusks, also algae (Ref. 5981). Feed pe nevertebrate bentonice, moluste, in principal, de asemenea, alge (Ref. 5981). Oviparous (Ref. 205). Ovipar (Ref. 205). Eggs are demersal and adhesive (Ref. 205). Ouale sunt de fund si de adeziv (Ref. 205). Has been reared in captivity (Ref. 35421). A fost crescute in captivitate (Ref. 35421).

References Bibliografie

  • Zander, CD 1986 Blenniidae. Zander, CD-ul 1986 Blenniidae. p. pag. 1096-1112. In PJP Whitehead, M.-L. In PJP Whitehead, M.-L. Bauchot, J.-C. Bauchot, J.-C. Hureau, J. Nielsen and E. Tortonese (eds.) Fishes of the North-eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean, volume 3. Hureau, J. Nielsen si E. Tortonese (ed.) Pestii de Nord-Atlantic de Est si din Marea Mediterana, volumul 3. UNESCO, Paris. UNESCO, Paris. (Ref. 5981) https://www.fishbase.org/references/FBRefSummary.php?id=5981&speccode=25971 (Ref. 5981)

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Blennies have scaleless, elongated bodies, and comb-like, slender, close-set teeth, which can be either fixed or movable.



Blennius tentacularis Brünnich 1768 (Parablennius tentacularis)????

Blennius sanguinolentus Pallas 1814 (Parablennius parvicornis)????

References Bibliografie:Thresher, R. 1984.

  • Wheeler, A. 1985. Wheeler, A. 1985. The world encyclopedia of fishes. Enciclopedia lumii pestilor. London: Macdonald. Londra: Macdonald.
  • Nelson, J. 1994. Nelson, J. 1994. Fishes of the World - third edition. Lumea pestilor - a treia editie. New York, NY: John Wiley and Sons. New York, NY: John Wiley and Sons.
  • Moyle, P., J. Cech. Moyle, P., J. Cech. 2000. 2000. Fishes: An introduction to ichthyology - fourth edition. Pesti: O introducere in ihtiologie - editia a patra. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice-Hall. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice-Hall.
  • Helfman, G., B. Collete, D. Facey. Helfman, G., B. Collete, D. Fetea. 1997. 1997. The Diversity of Fishes. Diversitatii ale pestilor. Malden, MA: Blackwell. Malden, MA: Blackwell.
  • Allen, G., D. Robertson. Allen, G., D. Robertson. 1994. 1994. Fishes of the Tropical Eastern Pacific. Pestii din Pacificul Est Tropical. Honolulu, HI: University of Hawaii Press. Honolulu, HI: Universitatea din Hawaii Press.
  • Böhlke, J., C. Chaplin. Böhlke, J., C. Chaplin. 1994. 1994. Fishes of the Bahamas and Adjacent Tropical Waters. Pesti din Bahamas si adiacente din apele Tropicale. Wynnewood, PA: Published for the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia by Livingston. Wynnewood, PA: Publicat pentru Academia de Stiinte Naturale din Philadelphia de catre Livingston.
  • Hoese, D., R. Moore. Hoese, D., R. Moore. 1998. 1998. Fishes of the Gulf of Mexico, Texas, Louisiana, and Adjacent Waters - second edition. Pesti din Golful Mexic, Texas, Louisiana, si din apele adiacente- editia a doua. College Station, TX: Texas A&M University Press. College Station, TX: Texas A & M University Press.
  • Springer, V. 1994. Springer, V. 1994. Blennies. Blenniidele. Pp. PP. 214-217 in WN Eschmeyer, JR Paxton, eds. 214-217 in WN Eschmeyer, JR Paxton, ed. Encyclopedia of Fishes - second edition. Enciclopedia Pestilor - editia a doua. San Diego, CA: Academic Press. San Diego, CA: Academic Press.
  • Harmelin-Vivien, M. 2002. Harmelin-Vivien, M. 2002. Energetics and Fish Diversity on Coral Reefs. Energetica si diversitatea pestilor pe recifurile de corali. Pp. PP. 269 in P. Sale, ed. 269, ed. Coral Reef Fishes: Dynamics and Diversity in a Complex Ecosystem. Coral Reef Pesti: Dinamica si diversitatea intr-un ecosistem complex. San Diego, CA: Academic Press. San Diego, CA: Academic Press.

Diversitatea

The family Blenniidae is the largest family in its suborder, consisting of six tribes with 53 genera and 345 species. Familia Blenniidae este cea mai mare familie in subordinea sa, compus din sase triburi cu 53 genuri si 345 de specii. A slender, elongate body and cryptic coloring assist many blennies in their secretive lifestyle in crevices and holes on the bottom of inshore waters. Un subtire, corp alungit si vopsire criptic asista blennies multi in stilul lor de viata secretos in fisuri si gauri pe partea de jos a apelor de coasta. Blennies are known for their distinctive teeth, which are close-set in a single row on each jaw, and some blennies have a huge canine on each lower jaw, hence the descriptors "comb-toothed" and "saber-toothed.' Blennies possess interesting traits ranging from mimicry and hopping over terrestrial rocks to adopting separate colors for courtship. Most blennies feed on algae and small invertebrates, but some attack other fish to steal bites of fin, scales, or skin. ( Allen and Robertson, 1994 ; Böhlke and Chaplin, 1994 ; Dr. Foster and Dr. Smith, 2000 ; Froese, Pauly, and Woodland, 2003 ; Harmelin-Vivien, 2002 ; Helfman, Collete, and Facey, 1997 ; Hoese and Moore, 1998 ; Moyle and Cech, 2000 ; Nelson, 1994 ; Springer, 1994 ; Thresher, 1984 ; Wheeler, 1985 ) Blennies sunt cunoscute pentru dintii lor distinctive, care sunt aproape de-stabilita intr-un singur rand pe fiecare falca, iar unele blennies au un canin imens pe fiecare maxilarului inferior, de unde descriptori 'pieptene-dintate' si 'saber-dintate.' Blennies poseda trasaturi interesante variind de la mimetism si topait peste roci terestre la adoptarea de culori separate pentru curte. Cele mai multe blennies hranesc cu alge si nevertebrate mici, dar unele atac de alti pesti de a fura muscaturi de fin, cantare, sau a pielii.

The family Blenniidae is the largest family in its suborder, consisting of six tribes with 53 genera and 345 species.

Geografica Gama

Blennies can be found in the Pacific, Indian, and Atlantic oceans, in tropical, subtropical, and temperate waters throughout the world. ( Böhlke and Chaplin, 1994 ; Dr. Foster and Dr. Smith, 2000 ; Froese, Pauly, and Woodland, 2003 ; Helfman, Collete, and Facey, 1997 ; Nelson, 1994 ) Blennies pot fi gasite in Pacific, Indian si oceanele Atlantic, in tropicale, subtropicale, si apele temperat in intreaga lume.

Habitat

While blennies are primarily marine fishes, some members of the family occur in estuaries or in fresh water, for example, in lakes in Italy. In timp ce blennies sunt pesti marin, in primul rand, unii membri ai familiei apar in estuare sau in apa proaspata, de exemplu, in lacuri, in Italia. They inhabit shallow, inshore, often intertidal, waters. Ei locuiesc putin adanci, de coasta, de multe ori intertidale, ape. Blennies are generally benthic, occupying grass beds, tide pools, or areas near rocks, shells, or corals. Blennies sunt, in general bentonice, care ocupa paturi iarba, bazine mareelor, sau a zonelor din apropierea roci, scoici, sau coralii. The saber-toothed blennies, Aspidontus and Meiacanthus , are free swimming. ( Böhlke and Chaplin, 1994 ; Helfman, Collete, and Facey, 1997 ; Moyle and Cech, 2000 ; Nelson, 1994 ; Springer, 1994 ; Wheeler, 1985 ) Saber-blennies dintate, Aspidontus si sunt de inot liber.



Istorie sistematica si taxonomica

The Blenniidae family consists of six tribes: Salariini with 26 genera, Parablenniini with about 12 genera, Blenniini with two genera, Omobranchini with seven genera, Phenablenniini with one species, and Neomophini (saber-toothed blennies) with five genera (Smith-Vaniz 1976). ( Nelson, 1994 ) Familia Blenniidae este format din sase triburi: Salariini cu 26 de genuri, Parablenniini cu circa 12 genuri, Blenniini cu doua genuri, Omobranchini cu sapte genuri, Phenablenniini cu o singura specie si Neomophini (saber-blennies dinti) cu cinci genuri (Smith-Vaniz 1976 ).

( Allen and Robertson, 1994 ; Böhlke and Chaplin, 1994 ; Dr. Foster and Dr. Smith, 2000 ; Froese, Pauly, and Woodland, 2003 ; Harmelin-Vivien, 2002 ; Helfman, Collete, and Facey, 1997 ; Hoese and Moore, 1998 ; Moyle and Cech, 2000 ; Nelson, 1994 ; Springer, 1994 ; Thresher, 1984 ; Wheeler, 1985 ) Blennies sunt una din mai multe recent derivate familii capabil de exploatare alge recif si mici nevertebrate coloniale. Reef herbivory was primarily restricted to post-Cretaceous perciformes until these families underwent rapid evolution during the early Tertiary, 50 to 30 million years ago. ( Harmelin-Vivien, 2002 ) Reef herbivory a fost in primul rand limitat la Cretacic pana cand aceste familii de evolutia rapida a suferit in timpul tertiar devreme, 50 - 30 milioane de ani in urma.

Descriere fizica

Blennies have scaleless, elongated bodies, and comb-like, slender, close-set teeth, which can be either fixed or movable. Blennies au scaleless, organismele alungite, precum si de pieptene, zvelt, aproape-set dinti, care pot fi fie fixe sau mobile. A pair of giant canines give the saber-toothed blennies their name, and in the poison-fanged blennies ( Meiacanthus ) these teeth are hollow and contain an injectable toxin. O pereche de canini gigant da saber-blennies dinti numele lor, si in otrava-fanged blennies aceste dintii sunt gol, si contin o toxina injectabile. In blennies the palatines are toothless, and the mouth not protractile. In blennies palatines sunt fara dinti, si gura nu protractile. The head is often blunt and typically adorned with tentacles or cirri. Capul este adesea greu de cap, si de obicei impodobita cu tentaculele sau cirri. Blennies are usually small, but a few can reach 55 cm. Blennies sunt de obicei mici, dar cateva pot ajunge la 55 cm. The dorsal fin has more rays than spines, and the anal fin has two spines. Fin dorsale a razelor mai mult de spini, si fin anale are doua tepii. Blennies exhibit a wide variety of uniform colors as well as spots, stripes, or bands, and some species exhibit two or three color patterns. Blennies prezinta o mare varietate de culori uniforme, precum pete, cu dungi, sau benzi, iar unele specii prezinta modele de doua sau trei culori. Cryptic coloring is widespread.In general, barbatii sunt mai mari decat femelele si, in unele specii au un cap mai mare. The cirri on the head can take distinct forms in males and females, as can the anal spines. Cirri pe cap poate lua forme distincte la barbati si femei, dupa cum se poate tepii anal. Males of some species have fleshy swellings near the dorsal or anal fins that become larger during spawning season. Barbatii din unele specii au umflaturi carnoasa langa aripioarele dorsale sau anal, care devin mai mari in timpul sezonului de depunere a icrelor. Many blennies assume spawning colors, most frequently the male, but sometimes the female as well. Blennies Multi presupun culori de depunere a icrelor, cel mai frecvent de sex masculin, dar uneori, de sex feminin, de asemenea. Males tend to develop brighter coloration during spawning, especially under the jaw, and in one species males take on a third color pattern while egg-tending. ( Böhlke and Chaplin, 1994 ; Thresher, 1984 ) Masculii au tendinta de a dezvolta coloratie mai stralucitor in timpul de depunere a icrelor, in special sub maxilar, si la barbati specii o ia pe un model de culoare treilea in timp ce de ou-tinde.

Dezvoltare

Blennies generally pass through a pelagic, postlarval stage after a short planktonic stage. Blennies, in general, trec printr-o pelagice, etapa postlarval dupa o etapa scurta planctonice. The young pelagic fishes look different enough from their adult form that they were classified at one time as a separate subfamily. Pesti mici pelagice, arata destul de diferite de la adult forma lor ca au fost clasificate la un moment dat ca o Subfamilia separat. Transformation into the adult form occurs at some time after the postlarvae enter a littoral habitat. ( Böhlke and Chaplin, 1994 ; Moyle and Cech, 2000 ; Wheeler, 1985 ) Transformarea in formularul de adult are loc la un moment dat, dupa postlarvae introduceti un habitat litoral.

Reproducere

Blennies attract mates near the holes or crevices in which spawning occurs. Blennies atrage Colegii apropierea de gauri sau de fisuri in care are loc de depunere a icrelor. The females will often initiate courtship, some assuming new coloration for spawning. De sex feminin se va initia de multe ori curte, unele presupunand coloratie noi pentru depunerea icrelor. When the female enters the area the male engages in courtship behavior that can include changing into spawning colors, bobbing the head up and down at the mouth of the cave, and leading the female to the nest by swimming with an undulating motion. Cand de sex feminin intra in zona de sex masculin se angajeaza intr-un comportament de curtare, care pot include schimbarea in culori de depunere a icrelor, bobbing capul sus si in jos, la gura pesterii, si conducand de sex feminin la cuibul de inot, cu o miscare unduitoare. One the male may mate with several females. Un mascul poate mate, cu mai multe femele. Males of some species apparently move toward an olfactory cue released by other males during spawning. ( Thresher, 1984 ) Barbatii din unele specii, aparent se indrepte spre un tac olfactiv lansat de alti masculi in timpul de depunere a icrelor.

Durata de viata / Longevitate

There was no information found regarding the lifespan of blenniids. Nu a fost gasit nici o informatie cu privire la durata de viata a blenniids.

Comportament

Blennies tend to be secretive, remaining near the bottom and hiding their eggs in crevices. Blennies tind sa fie secretos, ramase in partea de jos si ascunderea ouale in fisuri. Some hide in holes and dart out at their prey. Unii se ascund in gauri si lance afara de la prada lor. Blennies may eat invertebrates or algae, or survive by nipping the skin, scales, or fins of other fish. Blennies pot manca nevertebrate sau alge, sau de a supravietui de nipping piele, cantare, sau inotatoarelor de alti pesti. Some blennies, known as "rock-hoppers," are able to leap out of the water to cross the rocks between pools. Unele blennies, cunoscut sub numele de 'rock-buncare,' sunt in masura sa salt afara din apa pentru a traversa rocile intre bazine. A number of blenniids engage in mimicry. Un numar de blenniids se angajeze in mimetism. One saber-toothed blenny, Aspidontus taeniatus , mimics the cleaner wrasse Labroides dimidiatus . Un saber-blenny dinti, taeniatus Aspidontus, imita mai curat wrasse Blenny este capabil sa abordare si sa ia o muscatura din peste mare, care sunt obisnuiti de a fi curatate de aproape identic cu aspect wrasse. Several genera of blennies ( Ecsenius and Plagiotremus - also known as Runula ) gain protection from their resemblance to poison fanged blennies ( Meiacanthus ), who use venom defensively (see Predation). ( Allen and Robertson, 1994 ; Böhlke and Chaplin, 1994 ; Helfman, Collete, and Facey, 1997 ; Moyle and Cech, 2000 ; Springer, 1994 ) Mai multe genuri de blennies (Ecsenius si Plagiotremus - cunoscut si ca Runula), de protectie a castigat de pe urma asemanarea lor de a otrava fanged blennies care folosesc veninul defensiv (a se vedea ruinare).



Comunicare si perceptia

Other than descriptions of visual and olfactory communication during mating (see Reproduction: Mating Systems), no specific information was found concerning communication methods used by this group. Altele decat descrieri ale comunicarii vizuale si olfactive in timpul perioadei de imperechere, (a se vedea Reproducere: Mating Systems), nu exista informatii specifice a fost gasit cu privire la metodele de comunicare folosite de acest grup.

Obiceiurilor alimentare

Primarily bottom-dwellers, blennies tend to feed on other benthic organisms, both algae and invertebrates. In primul rand de jos-locatari, blennies tind sa se hranesc cu alte organisme bentonice, atat alge si nevertebrate. Some are planktivores, some carnivores; others scrape algae off coral and rocks and in the process may be feeding on small organisms that live in association with the algae. Unele sunt planktivores, unele carnivore; altele frinturi alge off corali si roci, precum si in procesul de hranire poate fi pe organisme mici care traiesc in asociere cu alge. Some blennies nip pieces of skin, scales, or fins from larger fish. ( Dr. Foster and Dr. Smith, 2000 ; Froese, Pauly, and Woodland, 2003 ; Harmelin-Vivien, 2002 ; Helfman, Collete, and Facey, 1997 ; Moyle and Cech, 2000 ; Springer, 1994 ) Unele piese blennies PNI de piele, solzi, sau inotatoarelor de la pesti mai mari.

Pradarea

Most blennies depend on a secretive lifestyle to survive, having coloration that blends in with their surroundings and hiding on the bottom in shallow waters. Cele mai multe blennies depind de un stil de viata secret pentru a supravietui, avand in coloratie care se integreaza in mediul inconjurator si ascunderea lor pe partea de jos in ape putin adanci. Some can escape predators by hopping over rocks from pool to pool. Meiacanthus can inject venom from the base of a groove in its large canine teeth. Unele pot scapa de pradatori topait peste roci de la piscina la piscina. pot injecta veninul de la baza un canal, in dinti sale mari canin. Any predator that gulps Meiacanthus apparently receives a toxic bite on the inside of its mouth and Meiacanthus is able to swim away freely. Orice Predator ca gulps aparent primeste o muscatura toxice pe interiorul gurii sale si este capabila sa inoate departe in mod liber. Several genera of blennies ( Ecsenius Plagiotremus - also known as Runula ) gain protection from mimicking the coloration of Meiacanthus . Mai multe genuri de blennies (Ecsenius, Plagiotremus -, de asemenea, cunoscut ca Runula), de protectie a castigat de pe urma mimand colorarea Blenniids Alte angajeze in mimetism, de asemenea; un saber-blenny dinti, taeniatus Aspidontus, imita mai curat wrasse in culoare si comportament. The blenny is able to approach and take a nip out of large fish that are accustomed to being cleaned by the nearly identical-looking wrasse. ( Springer, 1994 ; Wheeler, 1985 ) Blenny este capabil sa abordare si sa ia o muscatura din peste mare, care sunt obisnuiti de a fi curatate de wrasse aproape identic cu aspect.

Roluri Ecosistem

Blennies are largely herbivorous and as such play an important role in grazing reef algae, keeping it from smothering corals. Erbivor Blennies sunt in mare parte si, ca atare, joaca un rol important in alge recif de pasunat, mentinandu-l de la sufocare coralii. Blennies are a predominant group in intertidal and inshore zones and are specialized to occupy holes and crevices. ( Moyle and Cech, 2000 ; Wheeler, 1985 ) Blennies sunt un grup predominanta intertidale si in zonele de coasta si sunt specializate pentru a ocupa gauri si crapaturi.

Economice importante pentru oameni: Negativ

No specific information was found concerning any negative impacts to humans. Nu a fost gasit informatii specifice cu privire la orice impact negativ la om.

Economic Importance for Humans: Positive Economice importante pentru oameni: pozitive

Blenniids are not food fishes, but the genera Ecsenius Salarias , and Meiacanthus are gathered for aquarium use. ( Dr. Foster and Dr. Smith, 2000 ; Wheeler, 1985 ) Blenniids nu sunt pesti alimente, dar Ecsenius genurile, Salarias, si sunt adunate pentru a fi utilizate de acvariu.

Conservare

Currently, there is no known conservation threat to any member of this family. ( The World Conservation Union, 2002 ) In prezent, nu exista nici o amenintare cunoscut de conservare pentru a oricarui membru al acestei familii.

Blennius pavo Risso 1810

Froese, R., D. Pauly, D. Woodland.Accessed July 28, 2003 at https://www.fishbase.org/ .








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