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SUPERLATIVUL


SUPERLATIVUL


SUPERLATIVUL

Adjective scurte

the + ADJECTIVE +EST



eg.: He's the tallest.

El este cel mai inalt.

Aceleasi exceptii pentru comparativul de superioritate

eg.: He's the funniest guy I've ever met.

El este cel mai caraghios baiat pe care l-am cunoscut vreodata!

Adjectivele lungi

- the most + adjectiv = cel mai + adjectiv

eg.: This is the most expensive TV set I have ever seen !

Acesta este cel mai scump TV pe care l-am vazut

vreodata

the least + adjectiv = cel mai putin+adjectiv

There is the least beautiful boat I've ever seen.

Este barca cea mai putin frumoasa pe care am vazut-o.

Formarea comparativului si superlativului pentru adverbe este aceeasi ca a adjectivului in afara de adverbele terminate in -ly, vom utiliza mereu : MORE si THE MOST ;

Exceptie

early > earlier ;

devreme > mai devreme ;

Adjectivul din limba engleza nu se schimba dupa gen, numar si caz Singurul mod de marcare formala este comparatia

Categoria gramaticala a comparatiei este concretizata in limba engleza ca si in limba romana -3 grade de comparatie

gradul pozitiv - prezenta normala a unei calitati,

fara a se face o comparatie

eg.: He is tall.

( El) este inalt

gradul comparativ - compara doua obiecte in

masura egala (comparativ de egalitate )

a)de egalitate

eg.: He is as tall as his sister.

Este la fel de inalt ca sora lui

b)inegala (superioritate):

eg. I'm younger than her.

Sunt mai tanara decat ea.

c)inferioritate:

eg. : This lesson is less intensive than the previous one.

Aceasta lectie este mai putin intensa decat precedenta

La comparativ, termenul comparatiei poate fi exprimat.

eg.:    He is more punctual than the others (sau neexprimat).

(He is more punctual).

El este mult mai punctual decat altii

gradul superlativ arata calitatea comparata in cel mai inalt grad, prin intermediul unei comparatii directe (superlativ relativ: She is the cleverest of all) sau fara comparatie directa (superlativ absolut);

eg.: She is very clever.

Este foarte inteligenta.

Adjectivele formate din doua sau mai multe silabe, adjective compuse, cand doua elemente formeaza un tot din punct de vedere al sensului, comparatia se realizeaza cu ajutorul lui MORE si THE MOST.

eg.:

careful - more careful - the most careful ;

well-known - better -known - the best known;

heart-broken - more heart -broken - the most heart-broken ;

2/Comparativul si superlativul - comparatia neregulata

1.GOOD/WELL = better = the best ;

2.BAD = worse = the worst ;

3.FAR = further/farther = the furthest/the farthest ;

4.OLD = older /elder = the oldest /the eldest ;

Further /Farther = distanta

Further mai departat (distanta)

further = suplimentar, aditonal, in plus ;

ELDER = mai in varsta ( despre membrii aceleiasi familii - frati si surori - opus lui younger) ;

THE ELDEST = cel mai in varsta (membrii

aceleiasi familii (frati sau surori);

EXERCITII

1.Puneti adjectivele din paranteza la forma corecta

  1. Summer is (good) season of the year .
  2. In summer the days are (long) and the nights are (short) than in spring.
  3. The 22 nd of June is (long) day of the year.
  4. In July the days become (warm) and (warm).
  5. (Many) people play football in summer.
  6. Football is     (popular) game in Romania.
  7. I think autumn is as (beautiful) as summer.
  8. The weather isn't as (warm) as in summer, but the trees are (beautiful) than in summer.
  9. Winter is (bad) season of the year. It is cold and wet.

10.Some people think it is (interesting) season of the year, because they can ski, skate or play with snow.

2.Alegeti forma corecta a adjectivelor din paranteza ;

1.From these two dresses the cheaper is ( the best, the better).

2.Since she has retired (less and less, fewer and fewer ) friends have visited her.

3.Mike and Bob are students.The former studies medicine ( the second, the latter) studies architecture.

4.Her (older, elder) sister didn't come to the party.

5.The doctor asked ( the nearest, the next ) person to come in.

3.Traduceti in limba engleza

  1. Ai citit ultimul roman al lui Marin Preda ?
  2. El studiaza din ce in ce mai mult .
  3. O cunosti pe sora lui mai mare ?
  4. Rochia ta este mai moderna decat a mea .
  5. Care este planeta cea mai indepartata

4.Puneti adjectivele la comparativul de superioritate :

  1. I think the book is (interesting) the film.
  2. Their house is (big) mine.
  3. Peter has always been (good at maths) anyone.
  4. He said the cats were (intelligent) dogs.
  5. The weather can't be (bad) today !
  6. Mr. Simpson is much (old) his wife.
  7. Her dress is (expensive) Ann's.
  8. He has always told us that health was (important) money.

5.Puneti la comparativele de superioritate, de inferioritate, de inegalitate sau de egalitate

  1. Peter says that geography is (> hard) history.
  2. Our car is (<comfortable) Mr. Browns.
  3. I think that things are (<good) they used to be.
  4. That bus is (= late) usual!
  5. Is it true that boys are (<sensitive) girls ?
  6. Your suitcase is (< heavy) I thought it was.
  7. This food is (<good) I expected.
  8. I think that John is (= clever) his elder brother.

6.Puneti la superlativul de superioritate.

  1. This school is (big) building in our street.
  2. The (tall) girl in our school is a basketball player.
  3. Oxford is (old) university in Britain.
  4. He thinks that (elegant) dresses are Dior's .
  5. For him, being in good health is (important) thing.

f. And now, here is (late) news.

  1. I think Sharon is (pretty) girl in town.
  2. That is probably (good) novel I have ever read.

7.Transformati ca in exemplul urmator

  1. Your English is getting better every day.
  2. I think    my job is getting more interesting.
  3. Cars are becoming more confortable these days.
  4. Don't you think we are going slower ?
  5. For him, money is getting more important.
  6. He's getting up earlier every morning.
  7. Our house is getting older.
  8. She opened her eyes wider every minute.

New words :

- summer = vara

- spring = primavara

- game = joc;

- winter = iarna

- ski = ski;

- skate = patinaj;

- cold = rece;

- wet = ud, umed(a)

- snow = zapada;

- cheap = ieftin (a);

- to dress = a (se) imbraca

- dress = rochie;

- former = primul(a);

- to ask = a cere, a inteba, a spune;

- next = urmatorul(ea)

- expensive    = scump(a);

- bus = autobuz;

- usually    = de obicei;

- heavy = greu, grea;

- to expect    = astepta

- health = sanatate

- probably    = probabil;





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